Different types of mangoes in India | Who is the king of mangoes in India? | Know about mango varieties in Karnataka | Know about mango varieties in Chennai | Which is the best mango variety in India? | Know about species of mangoes in India | Know about different types of mangoes grown in India | Know about mango varieties in India
Introduction to Different Types of Mangoes in India
India grows more mangoes than any other country in the world, making up more than 40% of all the mangoes grown globally. India has many different types of mangoes, and different parts of the country are known for growing their own special varieties. The biggest mango-producing states in India are Uttar Pradesh, Andhra Pradesh, Maharashtra, Gujarat, and Karnataka.
Uttar Pradesh is the top state in India for growing mangoes, producing more than 3 million tons of them every year. This state is famous for its special types of mangoes, such as Dasheri, Langra, and Chausa. Andhra Pradesh is another state that grows lots of mangoes, with over 2 million tons produced each year. This state is known for its Neelam and Banginapalli mango varieties.
Maharashtra is an important state in India for growing mangoes. This state is famous for its Alphonso mangoes, which are thought to be some of the best in the world. Gujarat is known for its Kesar mangoes, and Karnataka grows many types of mangoes, such as Totapuri and Banganapalli.
These states are very important for the mango industry in India and help make India one of the top countries in the world for growing mangoes. India has many different kinds of mangoes, each with its own special flavour, texture, and look. Whether you like sweet and juicy mangoes like Alphonso or tangy and fibrous mangoes like Langra, there is a kind of mango for everyone to enjoy.
In this article, we will explore some of the most popular types of mangoes available in India.
Most Popular Types of Mangoes Grown in India
1. Alphonso (Hapus) – King of Mangoes in India
The Alphonso mangoes are very special types of mangoes in India that are often thought to be the best of all mangoes. It has a really sweet and juicy taste, and its texture is very creamy. Alphonso mangoes are one of the most expensive types of mango in India and are usually grown in the Konkan region of Maharashtra. You can find Alphonso mangoes in India from March to May during the mango season
2. Kesar (Gir Kesar)
Kesar mangoes are another types of mangoes in India that many people like. They grow in the foothills of Girnar in Gujarat and have a sweet and juicy inside with a strong smell. Kesar mangoes are bright orange and are available from June to July.
Dasheri mangoes are types of mangoes in India from Uttar Pradesh that are very popular. They taste sweet and have a nice smell. They are oval-shaped, with yellow skin and a little bit of red. You can usually buy them from June to August.
4. Totapuri – (Ginimoothi, Bangalore, Kallamai, Ottu, Mooku, Kili, Gilli, Mukku, Collector, and Sandersha)
Totapuri mangoes are bigger types of mangoes in India from the southern part of India. They have a sour and tangy taste and are often used to make pickles and chutneys. You can usually buy them from May to July.
Neelam mango species are another types of mangoes in India that grow in Andhra Pradesh, Tamil Nadu, and Karnataka. They are popular because they taste sweet, smell nice, and don’t have any fibre in the flesh. Neelam mangoes are oval-shaped and have yellow skin with some red. You can usually buy them from May to July.
6. Himsagar (Khirsapati)
Himsagar mangoes come from West Bengal and are also the most popular types of mangoes in India. They have a sweet and juicy flavour with a soft texture. Himsagar mangoes are small and round with green skin and yellow inside. You can usually buy them from May to June.
7. Langra (Banarasi/Malda)
The Langra mango is a special kind of mango from Uttar Pradesh. It has a unique taste that is both sour and sweet. The inside of the Langra mango is juicy and stringy, and the outside is green. The Langra mango season starts in July and lasts until August.
Types of Mangoes in India Produced by States
Different states in India are known for their unique mango varieties. Below in this article, we will explore the different states in India and the types of mangoes they produce.
1. Uttar Pradesh
Uttar Pradesh is a state in India that produces the most mangoes in the country, making up more than 35% of the total mango production. Some famous types of mangoes that come from Uttar Pradesh are Dasheri, Langra, and Chausa. Dasheri mangoes are popular for their sweet and pleasant smell, while Langra mangoes are known for their unique taste which is both sweet and sour. Chausa mangoes are also a popular variety because they have juicy and soft flesh that doesn’t have any fibre. In this paragraph, we briefed about the types of mangoes in India produced by Uttar Pradesh (UP).
2. Andhra Pradesh
Andhra Pradesh is another state in India that produces a lot of mangoes, accounting for more than 20% of the total production in the country. The state is famous for its Neelam and Banginapalli mango varieties. Neelam mangoes are well-known for their sweet and fragrant taste and have a firm, smooth texture without any fibre. Banginapalli mangoes are another popular type of mango in the region, recognized for their sweet and succulent flesh and unique aroma. In this paragraph, we briefed about the types of mangoes in India produced by Andhra Pradesh (AP).
Maharashtra is a state in India that produces a lot of mangoes, making up more than 15% of the total production in the country. The state is famous for its Alphonso mangoes, which are considered to be some of the best mangoes in the world. Alphonso mangoes are recognized for their deliciously rich, sweet, and juicy flavour, as well as their smooth and creamy texture. In this paragraph, we briefed about the types of mangoes in India produced by Maharashtra.
Gujarat is a state in India that produces a lot of mangoes, accounting for more than 10% of the total production in the country. The state is famous for its Kesar mangoes, which have sweet and succulent flesh and a unique aroma. Kesar mangoes are bright orange in colour, and they are usually available from June to July. In this paragraph, we briefed about the types of mangoes in India produced by Gujarat.
Karnataka is a state in India that produces a lot of mangoes. Mango varieties in Karnataka make up over 8% of the total production in the country. The state is home to various types of mangoes, including the Totapuri and Banganapalli varieties. Totapuri mangoes are large and oblong-shaped and have a tangy and sour flavour, which makes them suitable for making pickles and chutneys. Banganapalli mangoes are famous for their sweet and juicy flesh, and they are often used in making mango juice. In this paragraph, we briefed about the types of mangoes in India produced by Karnataka.
6. Tamil Nadu
Now we will discuss mango varieties in Chennai, the capital of Tamil Nadu state; this state in India produces a significant amount of mangoes, contributing over 5% of the total production in the country. The state is well-known for its Alphonso and Banganapalli mango varieties. Alphonso mangoes have a rich, sweet, and juicy flavour with a creamy texture that is highly sought after. Banganapalli mangoes, on the other hand, are known for their sweet and succulent flesh, which is frequently used in making mango juice. In this paragraph, we briefed about the types of mangoes in India produced by Tamil Nadu.
States Do Not Produce Mangoes
While many states in India produce mangoes, there are a few states that do not. These include:
1. Jammu and Kashmir (J&K)
The climate in Jammu and Kashmir is not conducive to growing mangoes, as the state experiences long and harsh winters.
2. Himachal Pradesh (HP)
Similar to Jammu and Kashmir, the climate in Himachal Pradesh is not suitable for growing mangoes, as the state experiences cold and snowy winters.
3. Arunachal Pradesh (AP)
Arunachal Pradesh is a mountainous state with a predominantly cool climate, which is not suitable for growing mangoes.
Nagaland is another mountainous state with a predominantly cool climate, which is not conducive to growing mangoes.
Manipur is a hilly state with a cool and wet climate, which is not suitable for growing mangoes.
In summary, the states of Jammu and Kashmir, Himachal Pradesh, Arunachal Pradesh, Nagaland, and Manipur do not produce any types of mangoes in India due to their climate and topography.
Popular Food Recipes Made by Mangoes
Mangoes are a versatile and delicious fruit and we can use it in a variety of dishes and desserts. With their sweet and tropical flavour, mangoes are a popular ingredient in many cuisines around the world. We will explore and tell you some unique and delicious ways to use mangoes in your cooking.
This fresh and vibrant salsa is perfect for summer barbecues and gatherings with your family and friends. First dice up some ripe mangoes, red onions, jalapenos, and cilantro, and then mix with fresh lime juice and salt for a delicious and healthy snack.
This flavorful dish is a part of Indian and Thai cuisine. For making this, you have to first simmer chopped mangoes in coconut milk, curry spices, and the protein of choice, resulting in a creamy and satisfying meal.
Mango Sticky Rice:
This traditional Thai dessert is made by steaming glutinous rice and topping it with sweet and ripe mangoes. The dish is finished off with a sweet and savoury coconut sauce for a delicious and comforting treat.
This silky and smooth dessert is a favourite cuisine in Hong Kong and other parts of Asia. The pudding is made by blending ripe mangoes with milk, cream, and sugar, then chilling until set.
This refreshing and creamy drink is a popular beverage in India and Pakistan. Mangoes are blended with yoghurt, milk, and sugar to create a smoothie-like beverage that is perfect for hot summer days.
This simple and refreshing dessert is made by blending frozen mangoes with sugar and water, and then freezing them until firm. The result is a sweet and tangy sorbet that is perfect for cooling off on a hot day.
This luxurious dessert is a fusion of two classic desserts – cheesecake and mango pudding. The crust is made with graham crackers, while the filling is made with cream cheese, mangoes, and whipped cream. The result is a rich and creamy dessert that is sure to impress.
What is the Use of Raw Mango?
Pickle – Mango pickle is a very popular and tasty sauce in India. It’s made by mixing mangoes with different spices, oils, and vinegar. People from different regions of India make it differently, so each type of mango pickle has its own special taste and texture. One of the most famous mango pickles is called “Avakaya” and it comes from Andhra Pradesh, a southern state in India. To make Avakaya, raw mangoes are cut into small pieces and mixed with a blend of spices like red chilli powder, mustard powder, fenugreek seeds, and sesame oil. This kind of pickle tastes both spicy and sour and is perfect to eat with rice, dal, or curry.
One more famous mango pickle comes from the northern state of Punjab, and it’s called “cut mango pickle.” To make this pickle, raw mango pieces are mixed with salt, turmeric, and red chilli powder, and left to soak in the spice mixture for several days. This allows the mango to absorb all the delicious flavours of the spices. The cut mango pickle has a strong and tangy taste that goes well with the rich and creamy flavours of Punjabi cuisine.
There are many other kinds of mango pickles besides the ones we talked about earlier. For example, in the western state of Gujarat, people mix mango pickles with a type of sugar called jaggery to make it sweet and spicy. In the eastern state of West Bengal, a popular mango pickle called “aam-er-chutney” is made by blending ripe mangoes with spices and sugar. This makes a smooth and tangy sauce that is perfect for eating with snacks. Different regions in India have their own special ways of making mango pickles, so there are many different flavours and textures to try!
There are many different styles of mango pickles besides the ones we’ve talked about so far. Some are spicier or have a different texture than others. Some pickles are made with whole mangoes, while others are made with mango pieces that have been cut up. Some pickles even have a mix of vegetables in them, like carrots, turnips, and green chillies. These are called mixed vegetable mango pickles. With so many different styles of mango pickles to choose from, there’s something for everyone to enjoy!
Which variety of mango is most popular in India?
Answer: The most popular variety of mango in India is the Alphonso mango.
What is the best time of year to buy mangoes in India?
Answer: The best time to buy mangoes in India is from April to June.
How do you pick a ripe mango?
Answer: A ripe mango should be slightly soft to the touch and have a sweet aroma.
Can you eat the skin of a mango?
Answer: The skin of a mango is edible, but it is usually peeled off before eating as it can be tough and bitter.
How should you store mangoes to make them last longer?
Answer: Mangoes should be stored in a cool, dry place, away from direct sunlight. To prolong their shelf life, mangoes can also be stored in a refrigerator.
What popular dishes in India are made with mangoes?
Answer: Some popular dishes made with mangoes in India include mango lassi, mango chutney, and aam ras.
How do you cut a mango properly?
Answer: To cut a mango, first locate the stem and cut around it. Then, slice off the two cheeks of the mango and cut the flesh into cubes or slices.
What are some health benefits of eating mangoes?
Answer: Mangoes are rich in vitamin C, vitamin A, and fibre, and can help improve digestion, boost immunity, and promote healthy skin.
Can you grow mangoes in your backyard in India?
Answer: Yes, mangoes can be grown in backyards in India as they are a tropical fruit that thrives in warm, humid climates.
What is the export market for Indian mangoes?
Answer: Indian mangoes are exported to countries such as the United States, Canada, the United Kingdom, and the Middle East.
Types of Mangoes in India – Conclusion
To sum up, there are numerous types of mangoes in India, and each one has its own distinct flavour and texture. With such a wide variety of delicious mangoes to choose from, it’s worth trying as many as you can during the mango season in India. So don’t miss the opportunity to indulge in the diverse and tasty world of Indian mangoes!
Also read –